“I have found that the death of Robin Williams has been a talking point with some of my clients. Not only my clients but social media and nearly everyone I come across had something to say. We often cover depression in our Wellbeing Skills Group, but I wonder what your thoughts are?”
In Mind Works we do cover strategies and techniques for coping with depression, however an understanding of the condition together with considering how Mind Works can assist may be helpful.
Depression occurs in 1 in 4 adults in Britain at any one time, according to the Office of National Statistics (2013). This means a significant number of individuals will be affected with the subsequent personal and organisational costs.
There are a many types of conditions that come under the umbrella term of ‘Depression’ as listed in the 2013 edition of DSM5, and the most common of these are:
Major Depressive Disorder
Clinical Depression is another term used to describe this type of depression. A major depressive episode occurs when symptoms last for most of the day, nearly every day for at least two weeks and the individual either experiences a depressed mood or a noticeable decrease in interest or pleasure in all or most activities. There need to be at least four additional symptoms such as, a significant weight loss / weight gain or decrease / increase in appetite, difficulty sleeping or increase in sleeping, excessive movement or slowing down, fatigue or loss of energy, feeling worthless or excessive guilt, difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions.
This kind of depression was originally known as Manic Depression and includes periods of mania and depression. Changes between these two states can be rapid and sometimes only mania is present without any depressive episodes. A manic episode consists of a persistent elevated or irritable mood that is extreme, which lasts for at least one week with a minimum of three of the following, inflated self-esteem or self-importance, decreased need for sleep, more talkative than usual or compelled to keep talking, experiencing racing thoughts or ideas, easily distracted, increase in goal-oriented activity, excessive movement, excessive involvement in potentially risky pleasurable behavior (e.g. over spending, unwise business investments).
Post Natal Depression
A major depressive episode that occurs after having a baby where symptoms usually begin within four weeks of giving birth and can vary in intensity and duration.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
This type of depressive disorder is characterized by episodes of major depression that occurs during the autumn or winter. In the past two years, depressive periods occur at least twice without any episodes at a different time.
Situational or Reactive Depression
Depressive symptoms develop in response to a specific stressful situation or event such as job loss or the end of a relationship. These symptoms occur within 3 months of the event and last no longer than 6 months providing there are no other debilitating factors. Depressive symptoms cause significant distress and/or impair usual functioning at work or in relationships.
There is no doubt that Depression is debilitating. However, most individuals only ever experience one depressive episode and if the individual concerned can be assisted to develop additional psychological resilience this increases his or her chances of falling into this category. For more information or support, as us at Mind Works for yourself or loved ones….
|Tips for helping with Depression
Until next time,